A firefighter He is a subject whose job is to combat the fire and provide assistance during the development of various types of sinister . The denomination comes from the term bomb since it was usual that, to extinguish a fire, water was obtained from a river or well near the site of the incident through a hydraulic bomb .
For example: “I am proud because my son is a firefighter and strives every day to help others”, "Firefighters came instantly and could extinguish the fire in a few minutes", “The neighbors called the firemen to rescue a cat that had fallen into a sewer”.
Groups of people dedicated to fighting fires, known as fire brigades , arose in the Roman empire . Currently firefighters usually perform in bodies whose ownership is public, although there are countries that have firefighters working for private companies.
Firefighters can be volunteers or employees . In the first case, these are men and women who, in their free time, fulfill these functions. Salaried firefighters, on the other hand, belong to the policeman or to other security forces and receive a salary for their work.
Because of their risky work, firefighters may suffer health problems, injuries or even lose their lives. That is why these are individuals highly valued by the society since they work for the welfare of the community risking their own life.
The building where firefighters rest, perform administrative tasks, store their material job and await being called to act is called barracks . There are also parked pumpers .
Requirements to work as a firefighter
The media often focus on the result of the tasks that firefighters perform: "they have managed to put out the fire", "they have successfully rescued the victims". Needless to say, they show them as authentic heroes , something they have well deserved; However, it is not so common to talk about the harsh demands of this profession , both physically and psychologically.
One of the first filters is a series of requirements doctors, after having overcome the merely legal issues such as having reached the age established by law to sign an employment contract. Among the most common are the following: not having overt obesity; thoracic perimeter that reaches or exceeds 4 cm; corpulence index of 3 to 5; spirometry that exceeds 3000cc; not having lost any limb, nor the lips; not having marked infantilism, flat feet, scoliosis, deafness, varicose veins, shortening of any limb or myopia of 2 or more diopters.
On the other hand there are the difficult physical tests that every aspiring firefighter must overcome, for which a training previous. Some of the most common are the following: 100 meter speed test; 1000 meter run; 100 meter swimming; horizontal jump; climb the rope
In addition to these tests , there is a long list of others that are even more difficult, such as: 200, 1500 and 2000 meter race; 50 meter swimming; Cooper and Barrow test; 1 meter vertical jump; ball throwing; agility circuit; flexibility; dominated; apnea; Balance; ABS; shoulder and bench press; ground bank.
As you can see, being a fireman demands an impeccable physical state, a great dedication to exercise physical and constant care of health, in addition to courage and selfless dedication by others at crucial moments. But the requirements do not end here, since applicants must also pass theoretical exams, the contents of which vary by country and region, although they usually cover topics ranging from laws to the environment.