From Latin poena, a pain is the sentence , the sanction wave puncture that a judge or a court imposes, as stipulated by law, the person who has committed a crime or an infraction. For example: “The murderer of María Marta has been punished with the penalty of life imprisonment”, “My son has to serve a five-year prison sentence for scams”.
According to the seriousness of the offense committed, there are different kinds of punishment. There are penalties that deprive the subject of his freedom (and they force him to remain in jail or at home under house arrest regime), while others take away some right or power (such as the penalty to prohibit driving a traffic violator).
There are also penalties that act against the heritage of the individual (a confiscation or a fine) and even the penalties with corporal punishment .
A shame, on the other hand, is a internal suffering or an emotional ailment: “I feel sorry for you, you have had to experience very difficult, "I'm sorry my uncle doesn't find a job", "It's a shame Esteban can't come to the party".
The death penalty
Also called capital punishment or execution, the death penalty is based on killing a person who has been convicted by the State, in the event that it has committed one of the so-called capital crimes. In many cases, this punishment has been applied both to criminals and to those who opposed a particular movement politician. Today, it has been abolished and ironically penalized in the vast majority of countries, with Belarus, the United States, Japan and India, some of the exceptions.
In places where this mode of action is still allowed moral so questionable, its purpose is to punish murders, acts of espionage, political treason and assumptions crimes sexual, as is the case with adultery or sodomy. As usually happens in cases where someone decides for the rest of the human beings and imposes his ideas, there is a great ideological clash between those who accept and those who repudiate the death penalty. On the other hand, it is difficult to understand that in some countries they consider that killing is an act comparable to rejecting a religion and that, as if that were not enough, both are worthy of death and humiliation.
Many times, the death penalty has been and is used as a means to intimidate citizens, showing them what happens when the limits established by the law are crossed. law. In 2007, the case of a Korean man who was shot before 150,000 people for having tried to communicate with other countries was very resounding. The act of barbarism took place in a sports stadium, with the clear intention that the whole country would see it. Ironically, once the sad show was over, six more people died from avalanches.
Despite the degree of controversy that triggers this type of sentence, the human being is characterized by its volubility, so that a position can be reversed as soon as certain factors are altered that make it less convenient for one. The same person who today opposes the death penalty may be the first to demand it if one of their loved ones is attacked or killed.
In several countries Latin Americans, the notion of grief refers to modesty , the shy or the retreat : “Felicitas is sad to parade in underwear”, "Javier felt sorry and blushed after having confused the name of his boss's wife", "I'm sorry to do something similar".