When determining the etymological origin of the term patriarchy, we would have to say that it comes from the Greek. And it is that it is made up of two parts of that language: "homeland", which can be translated as "family or offspring", and "archo", which acts as a synonym for "send."
Patriarchy it is the territory of the jurisdiction of a patriarch , your dignity or how long it lasts. The concept is also used to name the authority or government of the patriarch.
This concept (patriarch), on the other hand, allows naming the dignity from the bishops of certain churches, to the founder of a religious order and to some of the characters of the Old Testament They were heads of big families.
Patriarch is also the one who, by his age and wisdom, exercises authority in a collective or in a family .
Returning to the notion of patriarchy, we can say that, for the sociology , It is a primitive social organization where authority is exercised by a male boss . This power extends to relatives of the same lineage.
In other words, a patriarchy is a system in which males dominate the women . The mens they exert an oppression on the members of the feminine gender, appropriating by peaceful or violent means of their productive and reproductive force.
Since, in theory, there is no such organization in modern western society, the notion of patriarchy is used to criticize and condemn those behaviors or policies of a macho dye.
However, despite that, we have to establish that in our days there is a culture that bets on the unquestionable figure of a patriarch. We are referring to the gypsy culture, which gives that title to an advanced age male. He will exercise not only, by experience and wisdom, as the authority within his family but also within a certain group of people.
That honor given to him leads him to become the maximum responsible for the fulfillment of the different laws of the gypsy ethnic group and in charge of resolving the different disputes and conflicts that may arise between two or more families.
As a general rule, the gypsy patriarch is identified by his hat and his cane as well as being accompanied by two or more people who will be responsible for watching over him. When applying the law of your culture, you will always consider the most important values of it, such as respect for the elderly, the important role of the family, the chastity of women, the need to keep the word. That is given. And, in relation to the latter case, the most important thing that every gypsy has is precisely his word.
The sexual division of job (with women in charge of unpaid work, such as housework, or low-wage jobs), lack of economic independence (men manage money), domestic violence and sexual harassment are issues linked to certain type of patriarchy that still remains.