Symbiosis It is a concept that comes from Greek and can be translated as "Livelihoods" . For the biology , It's about a associative bond developed by specimens of different species . The term is mainly used when the organisms involved (known as symbionts) derive a benefit from that common existence.
Specifically we can establish more specifically that the etymological origin of the term in question is in the Greek word symbiosis which is formed by the union of the prefix without-, which means “jointly”, of the word bios which can be translated as "life" and the suffix -osis which equals "momentum."
The expert Anton de Bary , a native of Germany, is indicated as responsible for coining this concept in the 1870s, referring to the close link between organisms of different species.
Symbiosis, therefore, is a interactive biological relationship class that maintain dissimilar beings and that usually produces a beneficial result for at least one of the participants.
You can distinguish between several types of symbiosis. According to the spatial link of organisms, it is possible to talk about endosymbiosis (when the symbiote is inside the host cells or in the space between them) or of ectosimbiosis (the symbiote resides on the body from the host).
Symbiosis can develop with different degrees of integration. To a lesser degree, symbiotes live next to each other and both benefit from their respective presences. The more intense degree of integration, on the other hand, assumes that the interaction derives in a new individual through genetic transfer.
However, there are other equally important symbiosis classifications. Thus, for example, we find that which establishes that this biological interaction can be typified based on the damages and benefits obtained by the participants in it. This would result in us talking about three types of symbiosis:
Mutualism. In this case, the two species clearly benefit from the relationship established between the two, which means that they see their biological fitness improve. As a barter of resources, as a relationship of type service and natural resource or as service-service duality can be the aforementioned mutualism.
Commensalism Under this term is an interaction between two living beings in which one benefits from the other without this second being harmed at any time. A clear example is that of vultures that feed on the remains of prey that are hunted by felines such as panthers or tigers.
Parasitism. This type of symbiosis is characterized in that one of the species that are in relation is damaged and the other benefits. A clear example of this is that which occurs between parasites that live in the body of the human being and the human being itself.
In everyday language, the notion of symbiosis is used to name the mimicry of two people . Symbiosis arises from a strong emotional or spiritual closeness. For example: “The symbiosis between Marta and Amelia is amazing: they even talk the same way”, "I don't understand the symbiosis between you two".