Northern is a adjective which comes from the Latin word septentrionālis. It is interesting to know that the Romans used that Latin word to refer to the constellations of the Great Bear (Ursa Maior) and the Little Bear (Ursa Minor).
The term allows reference to that linked to septentrión . The notion of septentrion, meanwhile, refers to north .
In this way, we can say that northern is something related to the north. For example: "The northern region of the country has suffered a great drought for two years", "Pollution on the northern coast does not stop growing", “The Uruguayan striker left to play a team from a northern province of China”.
Within the historical scope, it is common for us to find subjects, courses or books that refer to what is a specific area of a country or continent through the term that concerns us. Thus, for example, one can speak of what is the History of North America.
The opposite of northern is none other than southern which, as you might imagine, is used to refer to what is to the south. Thus, taking Spain as an example, we can say that Asturias and the Basque Country are autonomous communities located in the northern part of the country while Andalusia or Murcia are in the southern area.
In the same way, we cannot forget that Africa is a continent where its main tourist, historical and artistic attractions are in its northern area. A good example of this is that it is there that Egypt, Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia and Kenya are, for example.
It is also interesting to know that there is in Europe what is called North Brabant. It is one of the most spectacular and striking northern provinces of Holland, not only for its large number of museums, monuments and historical buildings but also for landscapes that leave those who see them for the first time with their mouths open.
The northern, which is also known as Boreal , can be associated with North as Cardinal point or to what is located further north than another place. Suppose a journalistic chronicle talks about a northern state of a certain country . The adjective will be indicating that this state is in the northern area of the territory: that is, if said country were divided into north, south, east and west, the chronicle status would be in the north, according to the northern qualification made by the journalist.
Take the case, on the other hand, of a marathon that is defined by its organizers as “The most northern of the planet”. This is because that competition It takes place at the North Pole. The geographical location, therefore, means that there is no race of this type that takes place further north than this marathon.
We can also find the northern adjective when referring to an archipelago. In a set of five islands, the one that is located more to the north will be named in comparison to the other four.