The first thing we are going to do in order to fully understand the meaning of the term timocracy is to determine its etymological origin. In this sense, we can say that it is a word that derives from Greek since it is the result of the sum of several components of that language:
-The noun "timé", which can be translated as "value".
-The name "krátos", which is synonymous with "government."
-The suffix "-ia", which is used to refer to the "quality".
Starting, therefore, from its structure we can say that timocracy is the government of which it has the value.
A timocracy it is a regime of government led by people who they have a certain amount of money . To access power, therefore, citizens must have a certain capital: otherwise, they do not have the possibility of participating in the government.
The concept was developed in the Ancient Greece . The statesman and legislator Solon (638 BC - 558 before Christ) proposed, in a Constitution devised for Athens , an oligarchy where each member could access a certain political role according to the number of bushels (a unit of measure) that they could produce annually or the amount of oxen yuntas they had.
In this sense, citizens who did not have land or oxen were not authorized to hold elective public office. Thus, the timocracy of Solon it only allowed the exercise of political power at people with a minimum base of wealth, leaving out the rest of the inhabitants.
At present, most of the state They are organized as democracies . This type of government assumes that the people govern through their representatives and that all citizens can run for public office. Those who access power, in this way, are elected through the popular vote.
Some thinkers, however, argue that many democracies They are, in reality, timocracies. Due to various circumstances, such as the time it takes to devote to political activity or the cost of electoral campaigns, only members of the upper classes have the possibility of developing political careers. Thus they end up arriving at power who have more money .
In addition to everything mentioned so far, we have to establish the existence of a book called “Timocracy. 300 traps with which companies and governments tease consumers. ” This is a publication made by Rubén Sánchez and edited by FACUA-Consumers in Action.
Precisely this book starts from the idea, already wielded by some intellectuals, that we are living more than in a democracy in a timocracy. And he argues based on a series of unique methods and traps that governments and companies supposedly put in place to get money from the ordinary citizen and power over it without him noticing or doing anything to change it.
Specifically, it comes to really real-life situations that are clearly showing that alleged timocracy, such as the high rates that exist in terms of supplies such as electricity and gas, the clauses established in telephone contracts ...