In order to know the meaning of the term dean, it is necessary, first, to discover its etymological origin. In this case, we can state that it is a word that derives from Latin, exactly "decanus", which was used to define the oldest member of a community.
However, it should not be overlooked that during the Roman Empire it was also used to refer to the position held by ten men under his order and responsibility.
The term may refer to the member of seniority in a meeting , a organization or a group . For example: "The dean journalist of the Government House announced that he will retire within five years", “I am the dean of this cultural association: three decades ago I was part of it”, "It's a new club, the dean partner is a few years old".
Also called dean is the individual who is elected as President of the faculty from a university The dean is responsible for coordinating the task of the various teachers in charge of the subjects and is also the director of the chair of the different careers: "The Catholic University announced that tomorrow will announce the name of the new dean of the Faculty of Social Sciences", "The former dean of the Faculty of Medicine was denounced for corruption", "I never thought I would be the dean of this faculty for so long".
Within the judicial field, we also resort to using the term that now concerns us. In that case, we usually talk about the dean judge. This we can establish that he is in charge of representing the judges of cities where there are ten or more courts, which are precisely those who choose him.
In addition, he presides over the board of judges, which are held to address issues that affect those judicial authorities, and has other relevant functions such as these:
-You must ensure that the guard service is performed as established.
-It is responsible for directing both the deanery and the common services.
-In the same way, you also have to supervise and control the distribution of matters between the courts of the province to which you belong.
- Comes to coordinate the dean judge what is the activity of the different judicial services.
-Supervise and watch, in addition, because the funds that are destined to his deanery are allocated and used in the most appropriate way possible.
In the field of diplomacy, the dean is the head of mission Which has more seniority. Its functions vary according to country : In general, it is a symbolic distinction that allows you to serve as spokesperson or spokesperson for the diplomatic corps at certain events.
At sport Finally, it is common for the oldest club in a region or country to be known as "the dean". He Real Club Recreativo de Huelva , to cite a case, is "the dean" Spanish football Its foundation took place in 1889 .