Rehabilitation is the process and the result of rehabilitating . This verb refers to re-enable, reset or recover something . The physical , for its part, is associated with bodily or what material .
The idea of physical rehabilitation is linked to treatment that develops a person for recover condition or status that you lost because of an illness or other type of health disorder.
According to World Health Organization (WHO ), the rehabilitation seeks the restitution of the abilities of a disabled patient . The purpose is for the person to have an autonomous life, depending on the least possible degree of others.
Physical rehabilitation, in a nutshell, points to the body functionality . The rehabilitation tasks are intended for the individual to improve their mobility and physical abilities from exercises, massages and other techniques .
Injuries that affect the muscles , the ligaments , the tendons , the joints and the bones they usually require a physical rehabilitation that allows to recover the strength of the components and the balance in the relationship between them. A degenerative disease or traumatic event can cause this type of injury and demand rehabilitation.
Suppose a person collides with his car and suffers the fracture of a bone of his left leg. After a surgical intervention, the individual must receive a physical rehabilitation treatment by a specialist, to be able to walk again and then, little by little, to resume their normal life without restrictions.
There are various types of physical rehabilitation, which are largely differentiated by techniques and tools used, as varied as the application of electricity, heat or cold. Let's see some of them below.
It is a branch of physiotherapy that appeals to the generation of physical stimuli through an electric current to obtain a physiological response that gives the patient a therapeutic effect. For this, several different equipment can be used, among which the following three stand out:
* therapeutic ultrasound : East device It is usually known as ultrasound and allows the emission of sound waves between 1 and 3 MHz (which are considered high frequency), with the aim of generating heat in the depths of the tissues and treating certain problems that prevent the proper functioning of the muscles and bones ;
* transcutaneous nerve stimulation : the name by which this technique is usually mentioned is TENS and involves the stimulation of a structure particularly nervous through electrodes that are fixed to the body and connected to a generator, which allows you to adjust the duration, frequency and intensity of electrical impulses. It is used to treat painful scars, low back pain and herpes, among many other disorders;
* electroacupuncture : consists of the application of micro-current to stimulate certain points known as meridians, through which the correction of energy imbalances present in the body. It is especially effective in pathologies that do not have a physical injury, such as migraine and sciatica.
It is a discipline which consists of applying heat through conduction, convection or radiation, with methods as diverse as the application of paraffin and infrared radiation, both at the surface and at the deep level of the tissues. Among its most prominent advantages are pain relief, increased blood flow and decreased blood pressure.
Almost as opposed to thermotherapy, cryotherapy relies on the application of cold to obtain therapeutic effects. The systems used are also many, as well as the Benefits for the patient, among which are pain reduction, resorption of edema, disinflammation and increased muscle tone.