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It is called wandering to the wandering act : mobilize aimlessly or address . The concept can be associated with the notion of marauding . For example: "For security reasons in this sector of the hospital it is forbidden to walk through the corridors", "The ambulation of stray dogs bothers some neighbors, who demand measures from the government", "The old man, affected by Alzheimer's disease, left his home in the morning and began a wandering that lasted for more than ten hours, until he was found by his son".

The idea of ​​ambulation is often used in the field of medicine to refer to the action a person performs when walk aimlessly . This is a problem suffered by individuals with mental disorders, such as Alzheimer's or senile dementia .

These patients experience the need to walk and that is why they can wander around where they are or even go outside to continue moving, even if they do not go to any specific place. The conduct It is a risk since the subject may get lost and put himself in danger.

This disorder is characterized by exaggerated and continuous movements, but in each person it can have its own patterns: for example, some manifest it without the presence of anxiety , walking in circles or going from one point to another; others, however, move nervously, as if they wanted to stop but couldn't.

Especially in this last group of patients, their relatives feel a deep anguish before the ambulation and do not know how to act to help them without worsening the situation. They usually seek to convince them to stay in the house without looking like an imposition, or to calm them down to prevent anxiety from reaching a dangerous degree.

In order to adequately treat the ambulation in these people, it is necessary to take into account the risks involved in each case: when it occurs inside the house, the fundamental point is to avoid distressing and becoming frustrated; if they go to the Street , the situation is potentially more serious, since they can get lost, suffer a car accident or armed robbery, among other possibilities.

In people with Alzheimer's disease, ambulation may also appear as a result of excessive noise or light, among others stimuli auditory and visual On the other hand, it can also arise in the absence of stimuli, something that leads to boredom or even the need to find someone to talk to.

You can also call ambulation at type of gear of a person : that is, how it walks. The normal ambulation involves the control and coordination of the movements in an active way, with a voluntary displacement and according to the determined trajectory. Various organic disorders, however, can alter ambulation and cause the individual to have limited movements or not be able to control them.

The elderly usually have different ambulation disorders, although in many cases age is not the direct cause or does not even have a relationship with them. To deal with this particular series of problems, it is customary to increase the activity motor through different therapies.

Since most people learn to walk in a short time and without any problem, it is not normal for us to pay attention to each of the phenomena and mechanisms that are put in place during walking. Unfortunately, as we get older everything becomes more difficult, and this includes the seemingly simple action of walking; when natural wear and disease are combined, there is usually a setback to the lack of autonomy .

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