To understand the notion of theoretical framework , it is useful to consider separately the two terms that make up the expression. Framework , among other meanings, refers to context or the environment of something ; the concept of theoretical On the other hand, it refers to what is linked to the theory (a hypothesis, a knowledge that is considered beyond its application or a law that explains a series of phenomena).
It is called theoretical framework to the set of considerations and background that allow to support a analysis , a research project or a hypothetical approach. The theoretical framework, therefore, is the basis for reaching conclusions or for interpreting a result.
It's about a support or of one reference when developing a scientific study. Starting from a theoretical framework, a researcher can apply for various hypothesis or carry out tests that follow their guidelines.
The theoretical framework, in short, is the central column of a investigation . It includes the review of the investigations on the subject that were carried out previously and the theoretical considerations that are taken into account in the new work. That is why it works as a guide and serves as an orientation.
Take the case of a biologist who intends to conduct a study on the impact of contamination in a Beach to propose various measures that help minimize the problem. Its theoretical framework includes previous research on the consequences of involuntary ingestion of waste by marine animals and the effect of plastic waste in the ocean, as well as sociological and anthropological texts focused on the relationship between human beings and coastal ecosystems.