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Before entering fully into the definition of the term discern we will know its etymological origin. In this case, we can establish that it is a word that derives from Latin, exactly from the verb "discernere", which can be translated as "distinguish" and that is the result of the sum of two delimited components:
-The prefix "dis-", which is used to indicate "divergence".
-The verb "cernere", which is synonymous with "distinguish".

He verb discern It refers to distinguish or notice something . To achieve this distinction, it is necessary to discover or determine those qualities that differentiate the element in question.

Therefore, among the synonyms of the verb that concerns us are also understand, appreciate, understand, judge or appreciate. On the contrary, as for antonyms we have to highlight some such as ignore, muddle or even confuse.

For example: “Sometimes it is difficult to discern the divine will, but you never have to lose faith”, “You are already big, you should discern between what is right and what is wrong”, “The teacher taught us to discern risk situations and explained how to act in case of emergency”.

Usually, the action to discern the conduct of a moral judgment or assessment . Discernment, in this sense, is the criterion that an individual has to differentiate between several elements, analyzing their effects and how they interact with each other.

A person honest and aware of their actions, therefore, he manages to discern between good actions and bad actions. Suppose a man goes to a party driving his car. Upon arrival, the host invites you to drink alcohol. The subject knows that he must drive to return home and that, if he drinks alcohol, his reflexes will be affected and therefore could cause an accident. In short, the individual would have to discern that accepting the drink is a potential danger for him and for third parties.

The idea to discern can also be applied to recognize the appropriate moment To do or not do something. A young man who is fired from his job goes to visit his father and finds that his father does not feel well and has high blood pressure. The boy, given this scenario, discerns that it is not logical to tell him the bad news at that moment as it could increase his father's discomfort.

Within the religious field the term in question is also used. Specifically, there is talk of discerning the body of Christ. This expression is usually used to indicate that you are not baptized.
That meaning is taken from the moment in which the apostle Saint Paul, in giving instructions on how to administer the Lord's supper, determined that before drinking wine or eating bread one must discern the body of Christ.

However, within that field, there is also the theory that this expression refers to something else. Specifically, to make a mistake with the Church, not to understand that this is a holy entity and not an association or a simple club. Those who support this theory argue that the body of Christ is the Church and that every attempt against it is also against Jesus Christ.

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