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The idea of gymnastics , from the Greek term gymnastics, refers to the activity that is carried out with the objective of improving and conserving a good physical condition through various exercises. The concept also refers to the set of movements that develop for this purpose.

Sports , meanwhile, is that related to the sport : the physical activity that is carried out according to certain rules and by way of competition or game. A sport can also be a hobby or recreation.

With these ideas clear, we can move forward in the definition of gymnastics . This is called the gymnastic discipline consisting of the deployment of choreographic routines which may include the use of different devices and musical accompaniment. It is about the fusion of aesthetics and athletics to delight the spectators in the framework of the Olympic competitions; In fact, it is one of the most important disciplines of the Olympic Games.

Since the participants have very worked bodies and that demonstrate agility, strength and difficult positions to perform without years of hard training The sports gymnastics exhibitions are authentic shows in which you can appreciate both the beauty and the skill of the human being in the same place.

Also known as artistic gymnastics , sports gymnastics is done on a surface with defined measures according to a regulation. The origins of this discipline are at the end of XIX century : since Athens 1986 It is an Olympic sport. We must clarify, however, that only from Amsterdam 1928 Women athletes began to participate, since until then only men competed.

To be more precise, we must go back about three millennia ago, at which time the ancient Greeks created the "gymnasium", a space for social and cultural exchange where men went to exercise their bodies and participate in discussions about art, politics and music. As mentioned earlier, women were excluded for a long time from these activities .

Thanks to the harmonious combination of developing physical and mental, the Greeks achieved a balance that they considered ideal. The Chinese, the Persians and the Romans also promoted intense gymnastic activities, but focused mainly on military training. And this brings us to the nineteenth century, the point of history in which the concept of gymnastics or artistic to distinguish it from discipline oriented to soldiers.

Certain gym equipment, such as bars parallel, were devised by Friedrich Ludwig Jahn , a German teacher, in the second half of the 19th century. At that time the first competitions between schools and clubs from all parts of the European continent also began to be held.

We must not forget that the training Physics was not always part of the general education of the peoples, but was initially used to train soldiers. Over the centuries, the notions of health and welfare they have changed and are still in full development; For this reason, the incorporation of physical exercise into life as part of daily activities is relatively modern.

Sports gymnastics, in its competitive mode, can be individual or group, with individual competitions being more popular. According to rules set by the International Gymnastics Federation , each gymnast has between thirty and ninety seconds to execute their routines, which are qualified by a jury through scores based on the analysis of various criteria.

As for the gadgets that can be used in sports gymnastics, are the easel (foal jump or horse jump ), the rings and the high bar (Fixed bar ).

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