The geochemistry It is a scientific discipline oriented to the analysis of quantity, combination and distribution of chemical elements in the crust of planet Earth . As the name implies, this field of study is sustained through the contributions of the geology and of the chemistry .
A chemical element is a substance formed by atoms which, beyond the number of neutrons, have the same amount of protons in its nucleus . These elements are found in the atmosphere, water, living things and minerals that make up the rocks.
A specialist in geochemistry is dedicated to studying the composition of chemical elements and the different dynamics that are established between them. These studies allow to determine the relative and absolute abundance of each element, as well as its distribution on the earth's surface.
Knowing the abundance of the elements, on the other hand, allows us to generate hypotheses about origin of the planet and the rest of the universe. Oxygen is the most abundant element of the land , followed by silicon, aluminum and iron.
Geochemistry experts can work in different fields. Seeking Petroleum , gas and gold, among many other substances; the diagnosis of environmental alterations caused by pollution; and the evaluation of water and land quality are some of the actions that can be carried out with the contribution of a geochemist.
It should be noted that geochemistry uses the technology To develop your studies. Very complex equipment is needed to detect the presence of chemical elements, quantify and analyze it.