The term hereditary It has its root in the Latin word hereditarĭus and refers to what belongs or is related to the inheritance or what someone gets from it. The notion also describes an interest, a habit, some virtue, a vice or a disease which is transmitted between different generations of the same clan.
The genetic inheritance It is based on that characterized by the transmission of physiological, anatomical particularities, etc. from an organism to those who descend from it, through the genetic material found in the nucleus of the cells. The group of all the characters that can be transmitted, whose information it is located in genes, it is defined as genotype . Its external manifestation, observable in the physical appearance of each individual, instead, has been baptized as phenotype .
About him hereditary material , it must be said that it is the component of the cells that give them certain characteristics, in addition to attributing a specific function. In the so-called eukaryotic cells, it is located inside the cell nucleus.
In this sense we can expose that within the combo of genetics are what is called hereditary diseases. These are defined because they are transmitted from generation to generation, which means that they pass from parents to children and so on.
Many and varied are the diseases that are framed under that denomination and among them we could highlight, for example, Marfan syndrome. This is defined because the person suffering from it experiences a singular increase in the length of some of its members such as the arms or legs. It is transmitted by the parents to their offspring, regardless of their gender.
Hemophilia is also another of the most common hereditary diseases and means that the affected citizen is in danger of spontaneous bleeding at any time. They usually occur both in what are the joints and in other areas such as the digestive system or muscles.
In the field of right , is understood by heritage to the process framed at the legal level through which a person who dies may transfer his material assets, his rights and his obligations to another or other persons, which are officially recognized under the name of heirs . This, experts say, can appear in a will or be the one to whom the law recognizes such legal status.
Finally, it should be noted that a hereditary monarchy is the modality of government which is characterized by recognizing as monarch the heir of the monarch who is no longer in office. This is the most common kind of monarchy At present, a system where all monarchs belong to the same family and the crown passes from one member to another within the same clan.
This type of monarchy is what you have right now in Spain. Thus, for example, although Don Juan Carlos I is now reigning when he abdicates or dies, the person in charge of replacing him will undoubtedly be his son Felipe and his firstborn son, Infanta Leonor.
However, in Eurocopa there are other similar types of hereditary monarchy such as, for example, in the United Kingdom, Sweden or Denmark. In all of them a family is the one that holds this privilege.