Is called diagnosis to the act and consequence of diagnosing : Determine the nature or character of a disorder or problem from the observation and analysis of its signs or symptoms. Nursing On the other hand, it is the profession and occupation of the individual who is dedicated to the development of sanitary tasks and the care of the wounded and sick.
A nursing diagnosis therefore it is a judgment who develops a nurse or a nurse on the health condition of a person. This is an opinion made by the professional according to his experience and his training.
It can be said that a nursing diagnosis refers to a concrete or potential disorder that a nurse has the ability and the right to treat . These disorders can be prevented, reduced or resolved by developing Actions Nurses own.
For a health problem to be constituted as a nursing diagnosis, the inconvenience in question must be repeated in a significant number of patients, it does not have to be related to a disease specific and should be able to be treated by a nurse.
The development of a nursing diagnosis requires, as a first stage, the data collection . Then they must detect signals that allow to establish a hypothesis , which should be validated . Once the hypothesis is validated, the diagnosis is reached. This allows us to arrive at a clinical trial regarding the experiences of individuals or groups in the face of vital processes or health problems: the nursing diagnosis provides support for the choice of nurses' interventions in order to achieve a certain result.
In this context, the American Association of Nursing Diagnosis (whose acronym in English is NANDA, that comes from North American Nursing Diagnosis Association). It is a scientific society that is dedicated to standardize all the information collected through the job of nurses in the diagnostic area.
NANDA was founded in 1982 and since its inception its representatives focused on the developing and the refinement of the criteria, taxonomy and nomenclature of nursing diagnoses. Between 2009 and 2011, axis 7 of one of its publications, which is entitled "Diagnostic Status", presents a list of the types of diagnoses recognized so far, which are the following: real, health promotion, risk and of health .
Nursing Diagnostics real they are those that serve to describe the responses of the human being to the states of Health that experiences. If something different is not specified, then every diagnosis belongs to this group. One of the most common examples is "nausea." Within it we can include four diagnostic categories, which are: label, definition, defining characteristics and related factors.
The Health promotion It is the behavior that motivates the desire to generate an increase and update the human potential in the field of health. The first part of any label corresponding to this type of nursing diagnosis must begin with the words "readiness to improve", and include the first three categories diagnosis of the previous one.
When the description of the nursing diagnosis focuses on the possibility of a health problem developing, or on the vulnerability of the patient in front of it, then we talk about a risk diagnosis . The categories, in this case, are: label, definition and risk factors.
The last type of nursing diagnosis is the of health , which can be understood as the state or the quality of being healthy Its categories are: label, definition, defining characteristics and related factors.