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Castle It is a term that comes from Latin castellum and that refers to a fortified building, surrounded by walls, moats and bastions . Its construction is similar to other military structures, such as the tower, the fortress, the fort or the citadel.

The first castles date back to Neolithic , when they were built with mud . Little by little other materials were added, such as stone or adobe . The Romans imposed great advances in the construction of castles, such as the creation of round towers . Already in the Middle Ages , the castle began to fulfill a double function (military and residential for the nobility).

The objective of the castles is to hinder sieges and attacks on power centers. They have a near or Wall which houses towers to improve defense and sometimes with a pit Around the wall. They also have a main tower (which presents the main rooms) and a parade , among other structures.

Throughout the world, there are castles. However, these are the ones that have been considered most spectacular:
• Neuschwanstein. In the Tyrol mountain range is where this amazing building is located, dating from the nineteenth century and was ordered to be built by order of King Louis II of Bavaria.
• Windsor Castle. One of the most significant monuments in England is this, which is located just over 30 kilometers from London. William the Conqueror was the one who was in charge of putting him on his feet, which has such outstanding spaces as the Tower of Toque de Queda, dating from 1227, or the Chapel of St. George, which is framed within the Gothic style.
• Edinburgh Castle. In the capital of Scotland is where you can visit this 12th century fortress that is located in the famous Royal Mile area. On the rock of volcanic origin, it was built that has spaces as significant as the Chapel of Santa Margarita, which is the oldest part it has. Likewise, the visitor cannot miss the opportunity to admire the Scone Stone or the Scottish crown jewels on the spot.

The castles of Chambord, west of France, or that of Hue, in Vietnam, are also other such constructions that are considered most surprising and fascinating worldwide. Hence, every year they are visited by thousands of tourists.

There are, however, a wide variety of styles when building castles. In Spain , numerous castles were built during the Reconquest , when Catholics faced Muslims almost constantly.

The japanese castles On the other hand, they are wood and stone constructions that were located in strategic areas to guarantee the best defense. That is why they rose at elevations, next to rivers, etc.

The castles play a very important role in the stories children's as a residence for princes and princesses, especially in fairy tales like "Beauty and the Beast" or "Snow White" .

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