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It is called automation to the act and the consequence of automating . This verb, meanwhile, refers to making certain actions become automatic (that is, that they develop by themselves and without the direct participation of an individual).

The concept is often used in the field of industry with reference to the system that allows a machine develop certain processes or perform tasks without human intervention . Automation saves time and, often, money.

The origins of automation are found in the Prehistory , with the development of simple machines that minimized the force that people should make. Animal or human energy, over time, began to be replaced by renewable energy (such as wind power or hydraulic energy).

The next stage in the development of automation was the use of clockwork mechanisms for the repetition of actions. This is how the automatons , for example.

At present, the robotics and the computing have allowed increasing the scope of automation. In innumerable industrial sectors machines that allow the automation of processes are used.

Automation offers several advantages: in addition to saving weather , usually favors the precision in the development of tasks. As a negative aspect, at least on the social level, the machines that perform these jobs can replace people who, in this way, they lose their jobs .

Other advantages that automation is considered to have are the following:
- Serves so that the most complicated or dangerous jobs are not carried out by the workers but by the machines.
-Improves and increases production significantly.
-Allows tasks that, due to their thoroughness or complexity, cannot be carried out by people are undertaken by machines.
-It is considered that, at the same time, automation contributes to improving what is the safety of employees.
-Minimize what is the effort of the human being.

It is important to note, however, that automation always requires some kind of control or supervision by the human being . In addition to direct observation and physical contact with machines, it is common for computer programs to be used for this work.

When we talk, in particular, about what is the automation of work we have to underline that there are several aspects that are worth considering. We are referring to data like these:
- That term at work level did not begin to be used until the year 1947. And it was because the important company of automotive General Motors, of the United States, chose to create a department with that name.
-There are various types of automation. Specifically, among the most significant are continuous control; the on / off, which stands out for its simplicity; the computational one, named because computers are responsible for undertaking different control and management tasks; the sequential, which is based on what are algorithms that take place sequentially ...
-Improve the production and quality of products, increase production, reduce the costs of this work and even give workers more security are the reasons why automation is considered necessary.

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