It is usual to find products and activities for children where the concept of teaching appears. “Didactic contents”, “Didactic material” and “Didactic game” are, to name a few examples, phrases that resonate frequently in the minds of many adults. However, many times we lose sight of the theoretical definitions and we remain unidentified then what they mean, specifically, words like the one mentioned. For that reason, today we will try to provide interesting data that will allow us to discover that it is exactly didactic.
In more technical terms, didactics is the branch of Pedagogy that is responsible for finding methods and techniques to improve teaching, defining the guidelines for getting knowledge to reach educated people more effectively.
Experts say that didactics means that discipline of a scientific-pedagogical nature that focuses on each of the stages of the learning . In other words, it is the branch of pedagogy that allows address, analyze and design the schemes and plans intended to capture the basis of each pedagogical theory.
This discipline that sets the principles of education and serves teachers when selecting and developing content pursues the purpose of order and support both the teaching models and the learning plan. The circumstance of teaching for which certain elements are needed is called the didactic act: teacher (who teaches), the discent (who learns) and the learning context .
As for the qualification of teaching, it can be understood in various ways: exclusively as a technique, as an applied science, simply as a theory or as a basic science of instruction. Didactic models, meanwhile, may be characterized by a theoretical profile (descriptive, explanatory and predictive) or technological (prescriptive and normative).
It should be noted that, throughout history, education has progressed and, within the framework of these advances, the didactic references have been modernized .
At first, for example, there was a model that emphasized both the teaching staff and the type of content provided to the student (process-product model), without taking into account the chosen method, the teaching framework or the student .
Over the years, a system of greater activity was adopted where it is tried stimulate creative skills and understanding using practice and personal essays. On the other hand, the so-called mediation model seeks to generate and enhance individual skills to reach self-training. With the cognitive sciences at the service of didactics, the didactic systems of recent years have won in flexibility and have a greater reach .
There are currently three well differentiated teaching models: normative (focused on content), the inciting (focused on the student) and the approximate (for whom the construction that the student makes of the new knowledge prevails).
Education, as well as the rest of the world was changing and adapting to the times , for that reason his didactic models were changing. What was recommended twenty years ago and applied in all schools, today not only is not used but is considered negative for education.
In its beginnings, education was governed by a traditional didactic model , which focused on teaching regardless of how, methods were not thoroughly studied, nor the contexts in which it was intended to impart knowledge or the situation of each individual; At the moment when trying to teach it is very important to use a didactic that include a previous context analysis of the students in general and of each individual, who seeks to approach each one and develop the self-training skills, essential so that the knowledge gained can be applied in the daily life of individuals.
Experts define didactics
For Aebli Didactics is a science that helps Pedagogy for everything that has to do with the most general educational tasks. Ensures that scientific teaching is the knowledge result of the educational processes in the intellect of an individual and the methodologies used.
Mattos He says that for him it consists of a pedagogical doctrine whose goal is to define an adequate teaching technique and effectively direct the learning of a group. It has a character practical and normative That must be respected.
Stöcker , on the other hand assures that it is a theory that allows give instructions in school education of all levels. Analyze all aspects of teaching (phenomena, precepts, principles, laws, etc.); while Larroyo He presents it as the study of procedures in the task of teaching.