Fast , originating in the Latin word ieiunium, is the act and consequence of fasting . This verb (fasting), meanwhile, refers to give up, either partially or totally, to ingest drinks and / or food during a certain period of weather .
Fasts can be carried out for different reasons. In some cases, fasting is a medical indication for the performance of a certain analysis or study . If a person decides to undergo blood and urine tests to know various indicators of their organism that could relieve possible diseases , you will have to fast for about twelve hours. Doctors suggest this fast to prevent the test values from being distorted by drinks or food ingested.
It is also possible for a person to decide to fast as a way of social or political protest . An activist who is incarcerated may fast until the authorities release him, since he considers his detention unfair. Thus fasting serves to exercise Pressure : If the person does not eat or drink, their health will deteriorate. For the political power, the death of a detainee can be a serious problem because the State has an obligation to ensure its life.
In the field of religion , fasting is a sacrifice that the faithful assume for a certain purpose. In the commemoration called Yom Kippur For example, Jews perform a fast that begins at sunset and ends at dusk the next day.
Muslims, every day of the Ramadan (one month of your calendar), fast from dawn to sunset. The elderly and those who suffer from certain diseases are exempt from this fast.
Nor should we forget that there are tendencies in matters of mind and body and even at the nutritional level that recommend fasting. Specifically, they believe that it is useful not only for the body to eliminate toxins but also for the body to "catch up" in its functioning. That is, they establish that it is a way to get the body in general to rebalance.
Precisely for that reason there are many celebrities who, regularly or at specific times in their lives, have recognized that they have practiced fasting. This would be the case, for example, of actor Sean Connery, singer Beyoncé or film director and actor Clint Eastwood.
However, these diets or trends also recognize that not everyone can practice fasting. Specifically, it is determined that it is not recommended for those who are sick or for those who suffer from diabetes, for women who are waiting for a baby or who suffer from bulimia or anorexia.
In the same way, it is also not recommended to those who suffer from anemia, to people who are taking very strong medication or who have serious pathologies such as cancer. In addition, it is established that they will have to consult with their doctor if they can perform or not fast those who have high blood pressure, people suffering from depression, those suffering from kidney failure or those who are below their healthy weight. And they are in danger when undertaking the fast.