A acronym it's a class of initials whose pronunciation is done in the same way as a word. Acronyms, on the other hand, are the terms that are made up of the first letters of the concepts that form an expression.
An example of an acronym is Radar . The origin of this notion is in the acronym that comes from English Radio Detection and Ranging: (RA)it gave (D) etection (TO) nd (R) anging. Being an acronym, radar is used like any word and can even be named in the plural (radar ). Some use cases: "The malfunction of a radar forced to close the airport for five hours", "The government announced that it will buy new radars to control the borders".
Another acronym for Spanish is AIDS . In this case, the concept comes from Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. The acronym can be used in expressions such as “There are many organizations that fight to fight AIDS” or “The singer contracted AIDS in his teens”.
It should be noted that the acronyms are also the terms that are created by linking the parts of two or more words. That is the case of office automation , a word created from office and computing. The acronym is composed of the first three letters of office (ofi) and the last six of computing (mática): “We have invested a lot of money in new office tools”, “My grandfather started an office course yesterday”.
Emoticon , of English emotion and icon, is also an acronym: “I like to complement my messages in the social networks with emoticons ”, “How cute the emoticon you sent me with your greeting!”.
In these last two cases, as in many others, it is important to emphasize that the meaning of the acronym also borrows parts of the definitions of the words that compose it, and not only fragments of its structures at the orthographic level. For example, the term office automation refers to the use of computer science to complement the tasks of a office , and also to the group of programs and computer components used in this work environment.
Something similar can be seen in the acronym telematics , which is formed by taking the first four letters of the term telecommunication and the last six of computing. In this case, we are facing a concept that refers to the discipline of science and technology that is dedicated to the analysis and implementation of applications and services for use in the fields of telecommunications and computer systems, something possible thanks to the fusion of both fields.
And we must not forget one of the most used acronyms today, which has gone unnoticed in several of the previous paragraphs: computing , which was born from the union between information and automatic. This is a particularly useful term to understand the phenomenon of combination of meanings that takes place when building an acronym.
How many people, outside the field of systems or not, are able to find the right words to define the word computing? The acronym itself is so concise that does not seem to require further explanations, and that demonstrates the effectiveness of its structure, something that should be taken as the fundamental objective of any acronym.
This does not always happen, especially when people start using acronyms from foreign languages without knowing exactly their meanings, and then passes them on to their relatives and friends, who perhaps deform their use even more until they give them new senses. It is worth mentioning that, anyway, this also takes place with words of his own language : in general, younger generations adopt new ways of speaking, composed of expressions, terms and acronyms unknown to their parents and grandparents, and the latter do not always understand them correctly, but do not hesitate to add them to their vocabulary.