If we wanted to determine the etymological origin of the term road, we would have to go to Latin. Thus, in it we would verify that it emanates from the word carrus, which was a two-wheeled vehicle. A word to which a series of suffixes would be added to create the concept that now concerns us as the suffix -eta, which stands for cart.
The highway or route is a paved public road That is ready for the transit of vehicles. Usually these are wide roads that allow fluidity in the circulation. For example: "Excuse me, sir ... I want to get to San Camilo beach: what road should I take?", “Tourists have complained about the poor state of the road”, "Those who want to travel north should keep in mind that there are about three kilometers of congestion on the A-4 road".
In the case of Spain we find various types of roads. Thus, for example, there are the nationals that, as their own name indicates, are those that depend directly on the State and are identified because they have two lanes and a double direction of movement. In them the maximum speed allowed is 100 kilometers per hour.
Then, there would be the regional roads that are those that are under the jurisdiction of a province. They are characterized because they have a single carriageway, with two lanes, or double carriageway. They also allow the two-way circulation of vehicles and they cannot exceed a speed of 100 kilometers per hour.
The third most frequent roads are the local calls, which depend directly on the municipality of a municipality and have a single carriageway with two lanes. They also have narrow shoulders, no more than half a meter, and the maximum speed at which they can circulate through them is 90 kilometers per hour.
In each country, however, the classification of roads is different. Thus, for example, in Argentina there are national routes, municipal routes and provincial routes. While in the United States there is talk of interstate highways, local roads and federal highways.
It should be noted that the roads are domain roads and public use . No citizen, in theory, has right to prohibit the passage to another. However, given its importance for the operation of a country, roads are often cut or blocked by protesters who wish to draw attention and make a claim. In those cases, the authorities are faced with the dilemma of safeguarding the right to free movement or respecting the right to expression.
Other types of blockages are tolls , endorsed by the State . It is customary for a private company to be granted the right to charge for the passage of vehicles on the road, in exchange for such a company taking care of the maintenance of the road: “If you want to reach Pueblo Norte through this road, you will have to pay two tolls in the next hundred kilometers”.
It is possible to distinguish between roads and highways (or highways ) since the former usually present crossings and steps at the same level, while highways are designed for high-speed traffic.