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From Latin furnus, a oven It is a device that allows to generate heat and keep it in a certain compartment . In this way, it can fulfill various functions, such as cooking food or smelting minerals. Of course, there are different types of ovens depending on the use.

Thus it can be said that an oven is the culinary apparatus closed that allows roasting, heating or gratin food, the factory to heat , the pile of firewood or brick for the carbonization wave calcination and the bowling alley melt lead ores , for example.

The Energy to feed an oven can be obtained in various ways, such as combustion (to firewood or gas), the radiation (sunlight) or the electricity (in the case of electric ovens).

Starting from that different power supply that the oven has, a classification of the same takes place that originates the following main categories:

Gas oven. As its name implies, it is the one that uses natural gas as fuel.

Wood oven. Where appropriate, this works from the use of wood and logs, that is, firewood. Although it is not currently the most widespread use, it is important to emphasize the fact that there are many establishments, within the gastronomic sector, that bet on it since it makes food acquire a special flavor. In this way, artisan bakeries and even restaurants specializing in certain dishes, such as lamb or lamb, bet on making their products through that one.

Electric oven. At the moment it is perhaps one of the types of furnaces most used both for its ease of use and for the fact that it is very comfortable since it is simply enough to plug it into the electric current.

The Microwaves , known simply as microwave , are those that work through the generation of electromagnetic waves around 2.5 GHz. The microwave operation is produced thanks to the water molecules that contain food, which have an electric dipole (with a positive charge and another negative).

On the other hand, the crematorium oven It is the device that allows the cremation of corpses. It usually reaches a temperature between 870º and 980º to guarantee the complete disintegration of the body.

In addition to all of the above, we cannot ignore the fact that there are various colloquial expressions that we use that incorporate the use of the term at hand. This would be the case, for example, of the one that says “there is no oven for buns”. An adverbial phrase is that makes it clear that the situation that is being experienced at that time is not the most appropriate or convenient to make jokes or take certain measures. An example of this would be: “Juan, stop telling jokes. There is the oven for buns after we find out about your betrayal. ”

Finally, it is worth mentioning that the term oven is used to name any very hot place or where it's very hot: “This house is an oven”, “My car looks like an oven, the air conditioner does not work”.

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