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A victim is a person or animal that suffers damage or injury due to someone else's fault or due to a fortuitous cause . When the damage is caused by a person, it is called victimizer . For example: "The assault on the bank left as a balance a fatal victim and two wounded", “This child is a victim of a system that does not give all people the same opportunities”, "The victim was questioned by the prosecutor who tries to clarify the case".

The first meaning of the term (which has its origin in a Latin word of similar writing) refers to the living being (person or animal) destined for sacrifice . However, it is worth mentioning that this use is the least common at present, since the notion of victim usually mentions the person damaged by another human being or by a force majeure.

Omitting the possibility that an animal can be considered a victim is consistent with the position in which human beings place the rest of the nature: it is just a simple resource that someone or something put at our disposal, for us to exploit mercilessly In order to meet our needs. Of course, how far are today's societies from taking from the environment only what they need to survive.

Animals that are born and killed in a slaughterhouse are true victims, even if they do not report us, even if they do not plan a reprisal against their torturers. They are the perfect victims, because nobody recognizes them as such, because they do not complain and accept the abuse that human beings impose on them. The animals, the silent victims, see their children die without being able to prevent it, they grow in small spaces that no person would endure without going crazy, eating and getting fat, allowing groping, being cruel subjects experiments. All this has been going on for decades, without interruption, and the language wants to stop recognizing them as victims.

All people who suffer a crime they are victims of that fact, although they have suffered different types of damage. The victim may have been assaulted without any physical consequence (only money or other property was stolen), beaten or injured in the middle of theft (fist bumps, stab wounds, bullets, etc.) or may have died as a direct consequence of The agression. In the latter case, there is talk of a fatal victim.

In a more abstract sense, a person can be a victim of their own actions, which occurs especially in individuals suffering from certain personality disorders. For different reasons, some people lead themselves to work or emotional failure, or some kind of physical damage occurs; although in all cases there are substantive reasons, generally related to experiences traumatic during childhood caused by the elders who had to take care of them, the consequences of such past wounds occur with or without the presence of the original aggressors.

Usually the victims of abuse sexual or psychological try to reproduce the feeling of submission and humiliation that once suffered without choice; This does not mean that they are subjected to abuse similar to those received during the aggressions that generated the trauma, but they do seek to feel again that frustration, that helplessness that generated the abuse. In a similar way, victims can become third-party perpetrators, continuing with a perverse cycle that feeds on the suffering of an innocent person to try to satisfy someone who at some point in their life was, and who can never be again.

The natural disasters They also generate victims. These are cases of force majeure, where, in principle, nothing can be done to prevent damage. However, there are always concrete ways to minimize the consequences of an eventual natural catastrophe (flooding , droughts , volcano eruption , earthquake ), although they require economic means and political will.

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