A draft (from Latin proiectus) is a set of coordinated and interrelated activities that attempt fulfill a specific purpose . In general, a period of time and a budget are established for the fulfillment of said purpose, so it is a very similar concept to plan or Program .
A investment , on the other hand, is the placement of capital to obtain a future profit . This means that, by investing, an immediate benefit is resigned for an unlikely one.
An investment project, therefore, is a proposal of action which, based on the use of available resources, considers it possible to make a profit. These benefits, which are not safe, can be achieved in the short, medium or long term.
Every investment project includes the collection and evaluation of the factors that directly influence the supply and demand of a product. This is called market study and determine which segment of the market The project and the quantity of product that is expected to be commercialized will be focused.
The investment project, in short, is a plan to which capital and material, human and technical inputs are assigned. Its objective is to generate an economic return to a certain term. For this, it will be necessary freeze long-term resources .
The stages of the investment project involve the identification of an idea, a market study, the decision to invest, the administration of the investment and the evaluation of the results. The project itself is usually evaluated by different specialists.
From another perspective, the four types of study that make up a project of interest are:
* a market study: is formed, in turn, by several stages, having first of all the detailed definition of the product or service that is intended to be developed and offered. After having found the identity of the project, it is necessary to ask if there is a level of demand to justify its realization; on the other hand, if it is a revolution, then the question will be whether it could positively impact the portion of the society to which it was directed. Once this part is overcome, the investigation of potential competitors and the characteristics of their offers, such as their success, prices and their sales history and presence in the industry;
* a technical study: is dedicated to determine the mode and resources with which the production will be carried out, going through the physical space that will be used for this purpose, the best options to get the raw material, the machinery, the working methods and the ideal profile of the employees to whom this stage will be assigned;
* a financial study: the budget must not be forgotten, given that in order to reach a decision regarding each of the newly exposed points it is necessary to evaluate the inevitable economic impact. And this is the study that carefully analyzes the viability of the project and decides if the strategy can be continued or redesigned to avoid considerable losses;
* an organizational study: As the name implies, it is about finding the best way to start the company, finding the right means to bring to reality all the ideas that have been evaluated and accepted so far.
It should be noted that in a work team you could clearly distinguish between the Department creative and administrative, and that their communication must be clear and constructive to achieve objectives that satisfy everyone; the most common is that the final product differs considerably from its initial conception, given the results of the four newly detailed studies, so it is necessary to keep the spirit of the creatives alive, while they are asked for modifications that make their Profitable and safe ideas projects.