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Blood pressure

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Pressure It is a term derived from Latin pressio and which refers to the action and effect of compressing or squeezing . This verb, meanwhile, is associated with adjusting, pressing, narrowing or crowding something. The pressure, therefore, can be a force that is exercised on something.

Arterial is what pertains or pertains to arteries . These are the vessels or ducts that carry the blood from the heart to the rest of the body, fulfilling the inverse task of veins (which move blood from the capillaries to the heart).

The blood pressure is the force exerted by the blood when circulating through the body. The concept is often used as a synonym for blood pressure , although this idea refers specifically to the reaction exhibited by the arteries before said pressure.

Thanks to blood pressure, blood circulates through the blood vessels and carries nutrients and oxygen to the organs . It is possible to distinguish between systolic blood pressure (the maximum value of blood pressure when the heart contracts) and the diastolic blood pressure (the minimum value of blood pressure when the heart expands). The pulse pressure It is the difference between both pressures (systolic and diastolic).

Blood pressure can be measured with a automatic blood pressure monitor or with the joint action of a stethoscope and a blood pressure cuff . The patient must be relaxed so that the measurement yields results that can be analyzed by the doctor according to the parameters considered normal (between 90/60 and 120/80 mmHg).

Tips to control blood pressure

In many countries, high blood pressure is one of the most common problems, and the most worrying thing is that the majority of those who suffer from it detect it too late. As if this were not enough, if it is not treated in time, it can cause heart attacks brain or myocardium, among other serious consequences.

Despite being a silent problem, high blood pressure can be prevented through the adoption of healthy habits, some of which are detailed below:

* reduce sodium intake: This is one of the fundamental points to maintain blood pressure at acceptable values ​​and can be achieved by eating fresh foods daily (that is, avoiding canned food) and dispensing with salt, or not abusing it. Similarly, if you cannot avoid buying pre-cooked foods, make sure they indicate their level of salts and that this is low;

* exercise: It never hurts to perform physical activities, since they help us in many ways and give us the vitality we need to face our day to day with energy. In this particular case, the exercise It helps prevent heart attacks and certain diseases. It is recommended to work the body at least half an hour daily, once every two days;

* take care of body weight: Another issue that always arises in relation to health is overweight, since it causes a series of damages that have nothing to do with aesthetics. If excess weight is concentrated in the waist area, the risk of high blood pressure is higher;

* do not consume much alcohol: the consequences of abuse Alcoholic beverages are public knowledge, but many seem unaware that alcoholism is not necessary to cause serious damage to the body. To avoid raising blood pressure it is necessary not to drink too much or too often;

* eat a healthy diet: The secret of a healthy life lies in eating fruits and vegetables, avoiding sugary sweets and saturated fats. Finally, potassium is ideal for the functioning of the heart and can be obtained through mushrooms, broccoli, avocado, dried fruits, kiwi and bananas, among other products.

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