Originating in the Latin word praesens, I presented It is a concept with multiple uses and meanings. It is an adjective that allows reference to the weather what happens in the current moment or to the one in which a person is when he tells something. To cite some examples: "You can't always be thinking about the past: you have to live in the present", “The actor went through several complicated moments, but now he enjoys a happy and full present with his family”, "The present of the team is very poor and the future also looks complicated".
A individual that is present, on the other hand, is the one who is in front of someone or who went with him to the same place: “I wanted to let you know that tomorrow I will not be present in class since I have to go to the doctor”, "Marcos was present when the offender entered his home", "I will not be present on your birthday: I have to travel a day earlier for work reasons".
In other contexts, the word present can function as a synonym for present or gift offered to a person as a sample of affected or recognition: “I bought you a little present”, "I'm going to have to think about a gift: I can't get to my friend's wedding without a present", “Look at the present that my boss gave me for my commitment to the company”.
The present tense
For the grammar , present is the name that identifies the time that corresponds to something that occurs or to a thing that is described simultaneously at the time of being evoked. Verbs can be conjugated in the present tense according to the grammatical person: “Pepe loves hamburgers” and “Children play in the square” they are sentences in which the verb is conjugated in the present tense.
There are several uses of it, which are known as:
* Present present (An action that occurs at the same time in which it is being mentioned; it can be short or last for a certain time. For example: "Today the order arrived".);
* Present usual (An action that takes place successively with a certain periodicity but is not continuous. For example: "On Tuesdays I go to therapy".);
* Gnomic or timeless present (events that develop outside a certain time, express sentence, truth or knowledge. For example: "Human beings cannot fly");
* Historical present (actions that occurred in a past time but which, when mentioned here, become close to the present moment. For example: "Fiódor Mijáilovich Dostoyevski was born in Moscow on November 11, 1821);
* Present with future value (Action that will happen in the future in a safe way, is usually used to mention future plans. For example: "I will not be on Tuesday because I travel to the mountain");
* Present imperative (used to order something from someone. For example: "Close the window!")
At first glance, the use of this tense is simple, there is no way to make mistakes; However, in practice it is not so. In fact in the literary creation workshops One of the most common mistakes is the misuse of tenses or the combination of them not recommended.
For example, it is normal that in certain stories written in the present, sentences in the past suddenly escape; Although sometimes it may be a license that the author himself has taken, most of the time is due to a lack of concentration or rigidity when composing the text.
It is essential, therefore, that as authors we are acquiring a broader notion of verbal tenses and conjugations to offer a clean and correct literature.